Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater geographical area had an approximate population of four million. Inhabitants of Melbourne are called Melburnians.

Melbourne is known as the sporting capital of Australia with a large cross section of sports finding varying levels of success there. The main sport is Australian rules football, but cricket, soccer, rugby league, rugby union and netball also have an elite level presence. It hosted the 1956 Olympic Games and the 2006 Commonwealth Games, both at Australia's largest outdoor venue the Melbourne Cricket Ground.





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