Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama. The city is the county seat of Jefferson County. According to the 2010 United States Census, Birmingham had a population of 212,237. The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Area, in estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2009, had a population of about 1,212,848; approximately one-quarter of Alabama's population.

The city was founded during the reconstruction period following the Civil War when neighboring farm communities merged into one city. From there it shifted from being mainly a farm based region to more industrial with iron mining and steel production.





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